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Tumba Madzari, Museum of Macedonia (MK)
In the early 1960s, a motorway was constructed near Skopje in the Municipality of Gazi Baba. Here, the most significant Neolithic site was discovered of the Skopje valley. Main excavations were executed by theof Macedonia at the end of the 1970s and in the 1980s with beautiful pottery and other Neolithic artefacts coming to .
From the beginning the Neolithic village has financial support from Ministry of culture of Republic of Macedonia and Municipality of Gazi Baba in Skopje (the territory where is located the site Tumba Madzari). The site is under the umbrella of the National Institute of the Museum of Macedonia. The Museum, founded in 1924, is one of the oldest museums in the country. It is located in Old City Bazaar with 10.000 m2.This is a national institute with complex character. It is organized with several departments: ; Ethnology; History, History of ; Anthropology; Preservation and finally Education. The Museum of Macedonia owns and manages several memorial houses and archaeological sites. One of the archaeological sites is the Neolithic site Tumba Madzari which includes the archaeological open-air museum.
In the first phase (2008) of the archaeological open-air museum two houses were constructed in the traditional mode of typical for Neolithic period. In the second phase (2009) depending on the budget two more houses were built. The project is continued in the following period (2010), The idea is to build one more Neolithic house and a museum shop for archaeological replica’s. The project is still in the start up phase.
In the reconstruction of Neolithic houses at Tumba Madzari three relevant sources have been used: archaeological finds remains on the site Tumba Madzari, the Neolithic alters-model houses from cultural groups of the territory of the Republic of Macedonia, as well as present day examples of houses in villages as evidence for the construction tradition having been maintained for a very long time, practically for several millennia. The archaeological open-air museum (Tumba Madzari) is a new form of museum unknown for most of the Macedonian cultural population and much work needs to be done regarding public presentation (website; catalogue, educational presentation and meetings with tourist agencies et cetera).
Archaeologists are involved in all aspects of the museum work, planning, tour guides, construction, public presentations, funding applications et cetera. 2009, two small experiments were made with baking a pottery in the open-air and in a pit and one small test with growing crops. Plans to make linen are on the way of execution.
A very extensive website is at disposal in English.
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.